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Buddhism: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
Can You Name the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism?
The Four Noble Truths are the foundation of Buddhism.
What Do You Know About Buddhism?
There's more to Buddhism than shaving one's head and being blissful. Here is an introduction to Buddhism for beginners.
Learn About the Life of the Buddha, Founder of...
This simple account of the historic Buddha's life covers his early life, the Four Passing Sights, the Renunciation, the Quest, his Enlightenment, and his later life as a teacher.
What Zen Buddhism Really Means
This is a bare-bones introduction to Zen Buddhism for those who don't know Zen from spinach. It includes a brief history of the school and the Zen definition of Zen.
What Is the Buddhist Eightfold Path to...
The Eightfold Path is the Buddha's prescription for relieving suffering. It is the means by which one can realize enlightenment and enter Nirvana.
What Do Buddhists Believe?
What do Buddhists believe? In Buddhism, beliefs are beside the point, and doctrines are a means to an end, not the end itself.
What Nirvana Means to Buddhists
What is Nirvana? The Buddha told his monks that Nirvana cannot be imagined. Even so, the word needs a definition. Here is an explanation of Nirvana in Buddhism -- what it is, and what it is not.
What Is Enlightenment in Buddhism
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Most people have
What the Buddha Didn't Teach About Reincarnation
Would you be surprised to hear that reincarnation is not a doctrine of Buddhism? If so, be surprised -- it isn't.
The Dharma Wheel
The dharma wheel is a symbol of Buddhism.
What Buddhists Really Mean by 'Life Is Suffering'
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Buddha didn't
The Six Realms of Existence in the Buddhist...
The Six Realms are an allegorical description of conditioned existence, or samsara, into which beings are reborn. The nature and conditions of one's existence is determined by karma. Certainly some realms seem more desirable than others -- heaven sounds preferable to hell -- but all are dukkha, meaning they are temporary and imperfect.
11 Famous Buddhist Temples and Their Legends
These eleven temples are among the most legendary in Buddhist history, including Shaolin, Angkor Wat, and the Temple of the Tooth.
Introduction to the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
Understanding the Four Noble Truths is critical to understanding Buddhism. Here is a simple introduction for beginners.
What Is the Self?
The Buddha taught that an individual is a combination of five aggregates, called the Five Skandhas. The skandhas are empty of intrinsic self; the self is no-self (anatman or anatta in Theravada Buddhism and shunyata in Mahayana Buddhism). These teachings are difficult to understand but essential to Buddhism.
What Buddhism Teaches About Sex
Buddhism challenges us to think about sexual ethics and morals very differently from the way most of us have been taught to think about them. What does Buddhism teach about sex?
What Are the 8 Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism?
Images of the Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism, with their meanings.
Buddhist Holidays 2015 Online Illustrated...
This calendar of Buddhist holidays for 2015 is ordered by date instead of by holiday, so that you can follow along through the year. Note that the several traditions of Buddhism do not all observe the same holidays at the same time.
What Is Dharma in Buddhism?
As used in Buddhism, the word
Buddhism: Is It a Philosophy or Religion?
Is Buddhism a philosophy or a religion? Clarifying this point is important to understanding Buddhism.
Why Do Buddhists Avoid Attachment?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >You may have heard
New to Buddhism? Try One of These Popular Books
In the West, many of us begin our journey in Buddhism by reading a book. We are fortunate today that there are several books in the English language that can introduce us to Buddhism, and more are published every year. I don't presume to know which book is
Are Buddhists Also Atheists?
If atheism is the absence of belief in gods, then many Buddhists are atheists. Why then do Buddhists pray and bow to Buddha figures on altars?
The Wheel of Life:
The Wheel of Life is one of the most common subjects of Buddhist art. The detailed symbolism of the Wheel is rich with meaning that can be interpreted on many levels.
What Buddhism Says About Right View
The Buddha taught that Right View is an essential part of the Buddhist path. In fact, it is part of the Eightfold Path, which is the basis of all Buddhist practice.
What Buddhism Teaches About Anger
Anger is a poison and an obstacle to enlightenment, the Buddha said. Yet we all get angry. What does Buddhism teach about dealing with anger?
What Does Darma Mean in Buddhism?
In Buddhism, dharma most commonly is used to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. But the word has a great many other significant meanings.
Everything You Need to Know About Buddhist...
A Basic Guide to Buddhist Chanting.
What Is Buddhist Tantra Really All About?
The esoteric teachings, secret initiations and erotic imagery associated with Buddhist tantra have fueled no end of interest. But tantra may not be what you think it is.
Where Did the Laughing Buddha Come From?
When Westerners think of Buddha, usually they picture the short, fat, bald version, not the austere and serious meditating Buddha. Where did the Laughing Buddha come from?
The Five Skandhas
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The historical
Buddhism and Karma
Understanding the laws of karma is essential to understanding Buddhism. Yet karma is mostly misunderstood by Westerners. This essay briefly explains the Buddhist view of karma.
What Is a Buddha, Anyway?
The Buddha is pictured in many ways, and the word Buddha is used to mean many things. Just who or what is a Buddha?
What Does Samsara Mean in Buddhism?
The Sanskrit word samsara means. Buddhism.
Right Action
Right Action is the fourth aspect of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. But what is Right Action, exactly? Here is a brief explanation
Mahayana Buddhist Scripture: Learn about the...
Of the countless scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism, few are more widely read or revered than the Lotus Sutra. This article gives a brief overview of the sutra and its history.
Right Mindfulnes - Mindfulness as Buddhist...
Mindfulness is a whole-body-and-mind awareness of the present moment that is a cornerstone of Buddhist practice
It's All Karma, Right? 11 Myths About Buddhism
Much of what people in the West believe about Buddhism is mistaken. It is all too common to find a magazine or web article about Buddhism that begins
The Symbol of the Lotus
An explanation of the symbolic meanings of the lotus in Buddhist art and literature.
Theravada Buddhism
The distinctive practices and teachings of Theravada, the oldest school of Buddhism.
What Buddhists Should Know About the Heart Sutra
A brief introduction to the Heart Sutra for the completely baffled.
Are All Buddhists Vegetarians?
The historical Buddha and his disciples were not vegetarians. Why then did vegetarianism come to be associated with Buddhism?
Learn the Importance of Compassion in Buddhism
The Buddha taught that compassion isn't just a nice virtue; it is essential to realizing enlightenment.
Enlightened Beings: Are They Really Different...
When we speak of an enlightened being, are we talking about a flesh-and-blood individual, or something else?
Why Convert to Buddhism?
Why I can give you no good reason to convert to Buddhism.
The Buddhist Precepts
The Buddhist Precepts are not a list of commandments to follow. Here is an introduction to the Precepts, both Theravada and Mahayana
The First Noble Truth of Buddhism
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The study of Buddhism
What Is Mahayana Buddhism?
There are a few basic teachings that distinguish all forms of Mahayana. Here Mahayana and Theravada are compared to make these distinctions clear.
Do You Know the Legend of the Birth of the...
The story of the Buddha's birth is rich with mythical symbolism.
Offering Food - Buddhist Rituals and Traditions
Offering food is one of the oldest and most common rituals in Buddhism. Food is offered to monks and ritually to deities and hungry ghosts. Here is a brief explanation of the meaning and purpose of Buddhist food offerings.
Becoming a Buddhist - Taking Refuge in the...
To become a Buddhist, a person vows to take refuge in the Three Jewels or Three Treasures. The Three Jewels are the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. This essay explains what each jewel represents. Page 2.
The Six Perfections
The Six Perfections are guides for those who seek enlightenment in Mahayana Buddhism.
Buddhism in China: A History of the First...
A condensed 1,000-year history of Buddhism in China, from the year 1 to 1000 CE.
What Buddhism Teaches About the Ethics of...
Right Livelihood is the fifth. Buddhism.
Buddhism and Sexism
Is sexism intrinsic to Buddhism, or did Buddhist institutions absorb sexism from Asian culture? Can Buddhism treat women as equals, and remain Buddhism?
Get an Overview of the Robes Worn by Buddhist...
Although the robes of Buddhist monks and nuns come in many colors and styles, they are all part of a tradition going back to the time of the historical Buddha, 26 centuries ago.
Dependent Origination
Dependent Origination is a Buddhist teaching on the nature of existence -- nothing exists independently of other things.
The Wheel of Life: Yama, Lord of the Underworld
The creature holding the Wheel of Life in his hooves is Yama, the wrathful dharmapala who is Lord of the Hell Realm. Dharmapalas are not evil beings, but rather are the fierce protectors of Buddhism and Buddhists. Page 2.
Right Speech
Right Speech is a portion of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. What do Buddhists mean by Right Speech?
The Four Seals of the Dharma
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >In the 26 centuries
What Buddhism Teaches About Karma and Rebirth
The law of karma is a law of cause and effect, or an understanding that every deed produces fruit. The fruits of karma affect our lives and cause rebirth.
Are There Gods in Buddhism?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >It is often asked
Ever Think of Going on a Buddhist Retreat?
Retreats are a great way to initiate a personal exploration of Buddhism, and of yourself. Here is advice about how to find authentic Buddhist retreats and what to expect when you participate in one.
Why 'Right Intention' Is So Important to Buddhism
The second aspect of the Eightfold Path of Buddhism is Right Intention or Right Thought. Why are our thoughts or intentions so important?
What Are Buddhist Teachings on the Self?
You can find Buddhist teachings about finding the self, losing the self, small self, big self, original self, true self, and no self. What's a self?
How to Learn About Buddhism
Learning about Buddhism can be intimidating. Where do we even begin? Here are some suggestions for how to put one's toe in the water, so to speak.
How Do Buddhists Define Enlightenment?
The Sanskrit word for enlightenment is
Mara, Lord of Death
The demon Mara plays a role in many stories of the Buddha and his monks, and in particular the story of the Buddha's enlightenment. This article discusses Mara's origins and what he represents in Buddhism.
Right Effort
A brief explanation of Right Effort as the sixth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path
Buddhism and Abortion
Buddhism teaches that abortion is the taking of a human life, but at the same time most Buddhists are reluctant to interfere with a woman's personal decision to abort. From a Buddhist perspective, these positions are not contradictory.
What Does it Mean to Practice Buddhism?
Buddhists often speak of Buddhism as a practice rather than a faith. What exactly is Buddhist practice?
War and Buddhism
Buddhism opposes war, but sometimes Buddhists must go to war. Buddhism values pacifism, yet Buddhism is associated with martial arts. What does Buddhism teach about war?
Greed and Desire
Desires are inexhaustible, especially in our consumerist culture. What does Buddhism teach about greed and desire?
The Five Dhyani Buddhas: Amitabha Buddha
The Five Dhyani Buddhas are transcendent Buddhas visualized in tantric meditation. The five Buddhas are Aksobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhava and Vairocana. Each represents a different aspect of enlightened consciousness to aid in spiritual transformation. Often in Vajrayana art they are arranged in a mandala, with Vairocana in the center. Page 2.
The Wheel of Life: The Realm of Hungry Ghosts
Hungry Ghosts (Pretas) are beings with a hunger that can never be satisfied. They have huge, empty stomachs, but their thin necks don't allow nourishment to pass. Food turns to fire and ash in their mouths. Page 5.
What's a Bodhisattva?
Bodhisattvas are idealized in Mahayana art and literature, and they are also ordinary people. They exemplify compassion and wisdom, and they vow to help all beings realize enlightenment and enter Nirvana.
The Fourth Noble Truth of Buddhism - The...
In the Fourth Noble Truth, the Buddha presented the path to enlightenment.
The Wheel of Life: The Realm of the Gods
The Realm of the Gods (Devas) is the highest realm of the Wheel of Life and is always depicted at the top of the Wheel. It's nice being a Deva, but even the Devas are subject to karma, death and rebirth. Page 3.
Dukkha
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Definition: The
Earth Witness
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The "earth witness"
What Buddhism Teaches About Equanimity
The Buddha taught his disciples to develop equanimity. What do Buddhists mean by equanimity, and how do you develop it?
8 Common Meditation Mistakes
How you may be sabotaging your own meditation practice.
The Wheel of Life: The Hell Realm
The Hell Realm is marked by anger, terror and claustrophobia. Hell Beings (Narakas) are known for their aggression. Page 6.
Sunyata - The Perfection of Wisdom in Buddhism
Sunyata, or Emptiness. Buddhism.
The Wheel of Life: The Realm of Asuras
The Asura (Jealous God) Realm is marked by paranoia. Asuras are hyper-competitive and paranoid. They are driven by a desire to beat their competition, and everyone is competition. Page 4.
Brief Guide to Major Schools of Buddhism
Buddhism comes in many sectarian flavors. This is a very basic guide to major schools for people new to Buddhism.
Three Poisons
The Three Poisons - Greed, Hate and Ignorance - are the primary causes of evil (akusala) in Buddhism.
Evil in Buddhism -- How Buddhists Understand Evil
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Evil is a word
Vajra or Dorje
A vajra is a Buddhist symbol and ritual object with several meanings. Learn more about this word and its definition.
Right Concentration
Right Concentration is the eighth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. Through Right Concentration, the mind finds its way to wisdom and enlightenment.
Anatman, Anatta
No-self; the central Buddhist teaching that individual identity is ephemeral.
The Enlightenment of the Buddha
This is the story of the enlightenment of the Buddha, including his meditation under the bodhi tree and the temptations of Mara.
When Is Buddha's Birthday?
The answer varies from one part of Asia to another. In most Asian nations the date is determined by the lunar calendar and changes from year to year.
Which School of Buddhism Is Right for You?
Advice for choosing a school of Buddhism that is right for you
The Fifth Buddhist Precept
The Fifth Precept of Buddhism, translated from the Pali Canon, is
An Overview of the Diamond Sutra
The Diamond Sutra is a jewel of the world's religious literature and one of the most revered texts of Mahayana Buddhism. This article describes the sutra's origins and history.
What Is Nirvana in Buddhism?
In Buddhism Nirvana is not a place, and it is neither existence nor non-existence. So what is it?
Finding Your Teacher
Why do Buddhists need teachers? How do you find a teacher? How can you tell real Buddhist teachers from frauds? Here are some basic guidelines to help you find the right teacher for you.
Understanding the 3 Marks of Existence in...
The three characteristics -- impermanence, suffering and egolessness -- mark all compounded things.
What Do Rituals Symbolize in Buddhism?
Can there be Buddhism without the rituals? Maybe, but the rituals do have a purpose.
The Wheel of Life: The Animal Realm
Animal Beings (Tiryakas) are solid, regular and predictable. They cling to what is familiar and are disinterested, even fearful, of anything outside their limited experience. Page 7.
The Twelve Links of Dependent Origination
The Buddha said there are twelve links ( nidanas ) in the "chain" of Dependent Origination . Dependent
Best Books for Zen Beginners
These are good beginner-level books for people who want to learn about Zen Buddhism. Although Zen itself is not something that can be learned from books, these might tell you if Zen is something you want to explore further.
How Buddhism Approaches Morality
A look at Buddhist approach to morality, which avoids absolutes and rigid commandments and encourages one to weigh and analyze situations on one's own.
Not All Buddhists Celebrate Buddha's Birthday...
Buddha’s birthday is celebrated on different dates by various schools of Buddhism. Whatever the date, it is a joyous holiday featuring parades, hanging lanterns, and the sharing of food and flowers.
Manjusri - Buddhist bodhisattva of wisdom
Manjusri is one of the most important iconic figures of Mahayana Buddhist art and literature. He represents prajna, wisdom that is not confined to conceptual knowledge.
What Does It Mean to Take Refuge in Buddha?
Formal commitment to the Buddhist path usually begins with taking refuge in Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha. What does it mean to take refuge in Buddha?
Buddhism Came to Tibet
This is a brief history of Tibetan Buddhism from in 641 CE, when King Songtsen Gampo unified Tibet and married two Buddhist princesses, to 1642, when the 5th Dalai Lama became ruler of Tibet.
Om Mani Padme Hum
Om Mani Padme Hum (Sanskrit) or Om Mani Peme Hung (Tibetan) is a Tibetan Buddhist mantra meaning
Dragons!
Dragons often appear in Buddhist art and literature. Where did they come from, and what do they represent?
What Is Mu?
The koan Mu, also known as Chao-chou's Dog, is one of the most famous Zen koans. Here is a brief introduction to the koan.
Enlightenment and Nirvana
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >What Is Enlightenment?
How the Doctrine of the Two Truths Explains...
The Two Truths Doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism explains the nature of reality.
The Second Noble Truth of Buddhism
The Second Noble Truth of Buddhism explains why life is unsatisfactory (dukkha).
Sutra
The name sutra (Sanskrit for thread) in Buddhism originally was given only to the sermons of the historical Buddha.
The Wheel of Life: The Human Realm
Of the Six Realms, it is only in the Human Realm that the path of liberation from the Wheel can be found. Page 8.
The Five Dhyani Buddhas: Amoghasiddhi Buddha
The Five Dhyani Buddhas are transcendent Buddhas visualized in tantric meditation. The five Buddhas are Aksobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhava and Vairocana. Each represents a different aspect of enlightened consciousness to aid in spiritual transformation. Often in Vajrayana art they are arranged in a mandala, with Vairocana in the center. Page 3.
Meet Avalokiteshvara, Buddhism's Bodhisattva of...
Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva is beloved to Mahayana Buddhists as the embodiment of infinite compassion.
Tripitaka, Tipitika (Pali Canon)
The Pali Canon is the earliest canon of Buddhist scripture. It is also called the
Sunyata, Shunyata
According to the Mahayana Buddhist teaching of sunyata -- emptiness or void -- all beings and phenomena are empty of independent, permanent essence.
Karma
Karma means. Buddhism.
Perfection of Generosity
Giving to others is essential to the practice of Buddhism. However, one's motivation for giving to others is at least as important as what is given.
What Are the Origins and Practices of Pure Land...
Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, Pure Land is thought of as a real place.
Three Buddhist Verses to Chant Before Eating
How do Buddhists give thanks for food? Here are meal chants from three schools of Buddhism that are chanted before meals, expressing gratitude.
Tibetan Buddhism: An Introduction
Tibetan Buddhism is distinguished by its rich mythology and art, its esoteric tantra practices, and its reincarnated lamas. Here is a basic introduction to Tibetan Buddhism.
Impermanence
The Buddha taught that all phenomena are impermanent. How is this teaching essential to enlightenment?
The First Buddhist Nuns
The historical Buddha’s most famous statements on women came about when his stepmother and aunt, Maha Pajapati Gotami, asked to join the Sangha and become a nun. The Buddha initially refused her request. Eventually he relented, but in doing so he made conditions and a prediction that remain controversial to this day.
Brahma-Vihara: Four Divine States or Immeasurab...
The Buddha taught his monks to cultivate four states of mind, called the Brahma-vihara -- loving kindness, compassion, empathy and equanimity.
Buddha Nature
Buddha Nature, an essential doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism, is the already enlightened nature of all beings.
Pali Canon: Early Buddhist Scriptures
The earliest written scriptures of Buddhism, the texts were kept alive through the years by being memorized and chanted by generations of monks.
The Five Dhyani Buddhas: Vairocana Buddha
The Five Dhyani Buddhas are transcendent Buddhas visualized in tantric meditation. The five Buddhas are Aksobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhava and Vairocana. Each represents a different aspect of enlightened consciousness to aid in spiritual transformation. Often in Vajrayana art they are arranged in a mandala, with Vairocana in the center. Page 5.
Vesak - Vesak Is the Observance of the Buddha's...
What is Vesak? Vesak is a major Buddhist holiday observing the historical Buddha's birth, enlightenment and death (Parinirvana).
Do We Really Make Our Own Reality?
People say we create our own reality. Is that true? Here is what Buddhism has to say about making reality.
The Six Schools of Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism has developed into six distinctive major traditions - Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, Gelug, Jonang, and Bonpo. Here is a brief explanation of each.
The Third Noble Truth of Buddhism
The Third Noble Truth explains the cessation of things that bind us to suffering.
The Four Foundations of Mindfulness in Buddhism
The Buddha taught mindfulness by providing four foundations, or frames of reference, that we can use to train ourselves to be mindful.
Is Buddhism Still Hip?
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Dr. Andrew Skilton,
Japanese Buddhists Rally for Pacifism
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Clergy and lay
Violence and Expression
A few days ago His Holiness the Dalai Lama called for an outside inquiry into the continuing self-immolations of Tibetan Buddhists protesting China's policies
The Metta Sutta
The Metta Sutta, or Sutra of Loving Kindness, is one of the most beloved of all Buddhist texts. Here is an explanation of the sutta and links to online English translations.
Perfection of Renunciation
Renunciation in Buddhism is not penance or self-punishment. Instead, it is an act of liberation from the things that bind us to suffering.
The Wheel of Life: The Center
At the center of the Wheel of Life are the forces that keep it turning -- hate, desire and ignorance. Page 9.
Definition of the Buddhist Term Skandha
In Buddhism, the Five Skandhas are aggregates of mental and physical characteristics that come together to create an individual. Personality and ego are creations of the skandhas.
Madhyamika - Neither Real Nor Not Real
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Many schools of
The Buddha's Path to Happiness
We all want to be happy, but what is happiness, and how do we find it? Here is what the Buddha taught.
Samadhi
Samadhi, concentration, means. Buddhism.
How Did the Buddha Enter Nirvana?
At his death, the historical Buddha entered complete Nirvana, also called Parinirvana. This is the story of the Buddha's final days.
Hot-Button Issues and Buddhism: A Buddhist View...
What does Buddhism say about today's hot issues, like abortion, sexism and even the economy?
Bodhisattva Vows
In Mahayana Buddhism, the ideal of practice is to become a bodhisattva who strives to liberate all beings from the cycle of birth and death. The Bodhisattva Vows are vows taken formally by a Buddhist to do exactly that. The vows also are an expression of bodhichitta, the desire to realize enlightenment for the sake of others.
The Succession of Dalai Lamas
A list of the 14 Dalai Lamas, with brief biographies.

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