Buddhism: Most Popular Articles
There's more to Buddhism than shaving one's head and being blissful. Here is an introduction to Buddhism for beginners.
This is a bare-bones introduction to Zen Buddhism for those who don't know Zen from spinach. It includes a brief history of the school and the Zen definition of Zen.
This simple account of the historic Buddha's life covers his early life, the Four Passing Sights, the Renunciation, the Quest, his Enlightenment, and his later life as a teacher.
The Four Noble Truths are the foundation of Buddhism.
What do Buddhists believe? In Buddhism, beliefs are beside the point, and doctrines are a means to an end, not the end itself.
This calendar of Buddhist holidays for 2013 is ordered by date instead of by holiday, so that you can follow along through the year. Note that the several traditions of Buddhism do not all observe the same holidays at the same time.
The Eightfold Path is the Buddha's prescription for relieving suffering. It is the means by which one can realize enlightenment and enter Nirvana.
Buddhism challenges us to think about sexual ethics and morals very differently from the way most of us have been taught to think about them. What does Buddhism teach about sex?
Is Buddhism a philosophy or a religion? Clarifying this point is important to understanding Buddhism.
What is Nirvana? The Buddha told his monks that Nirvana cannot be imagined. Even so, the word needs a definition. Here is an explanation of Nirvana in Buddhism -- what it is, and what it is not.
Would you be surprised to hear that reincarnation is not a doctrine of Buddhism? If so, be surprised -- it isn't.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >You may have heard
Images of the Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism, with their meanings.
Anger is a poison and an obstacle to enlightenment, the Buddha said. Yet we all get angry. What does Buddhism teach about dealing with anger?
The Buddha taught that an individual is a combination of five aggregates, called the Five Skandhas. The skandhas are empty of intrinsic self; the self is no-self (anatman or anatta in Theravada Buddhism and shunyata in Mahayana Buddhism). These teachings are difficult to understand but essential to Buddhism.
If atheism is the absence of belief in gods, then many Buddhists are atheists. Why then do Buddhists pray and bow to Buddha figures on altars?
A brief introduction to the Heart Sutra for the completely baffled.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Buddha didn't
Buddhists want to get enlightened so they can be blissed out all the time. And they believe in reincarnation,
The dharma wheel is a symbol of Buddhism.
The Six Realms are an allegorical description of conditioned existence, or samsara, into which beings are reborn. The nature and conditions of one's existence is determined by karma. Certainly some realms seem more desirable than others -- heaven sounds preferable to hell -- but all are dukkha, meaning they are temporary and imperfect.
In the West, many of us begin our journey with Buddhism by reading a book. For me, the book was The Miracle
The historical Buddha and his disciples were not vegetarians. Why then did vegetarianism come to be associated with Buddhism?
Why I can give you no good reason to convert to Buddhism.
The esoteric teachings, secret initiations and erotic imagery associated with Buddhist tantra have fueled no end of interest. But tantra may not be what you think it is.
Understanding the laws of karma is essential to understanding Buddhism. Yet karma is mostly misunderstood by Westerners. This essay briefly explains the Buddhist view of karma.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Dharma (Sanskrit)
Retreats are a great way to initiate a personal exploration of Buddhism, and of yourself. Here is advice about how to find authentic Buddhist retreats and what to expect when you participate in one.
A Basic Guide to Buddhist Chanting
Of the countless scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism, few are more widely read or revered than the Lotus Sutra. This article gives a brief overview of the sutra and its history.
The Buddha taught that compassion isn't just a nice virtue; it is essential to realizing enlightenment.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Most of us sustain
Dependent Origination is a Buddhist teaching on the nature of existence -- nothing exists independently of other things.
: The Sanskrit word for enlightenment is " bodhi ," which means "awakened." But awakened to what? The
The story of the Buddha's birth is rich with mythical symbolism.
In Buddhism, dharma most commonly is used to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. But the word has a great many other significant meanings.
The Buddhist Precepts are not a list of commandments to follow. Here is an introduction to the Precepts, both Theravada and Mahayana
Although the robes of Buddhist monks and nuns come in many colors and styles, they are all part of a tradition going back to the time of the historical Buddha, 26 centuries ago.
The Buddha is pictured in many ways, and the word Buddha is used to mean many things. Just who or what is a Buddha?
There are a few basic teachings that distinguish all forms of Mahayana. Here Mahayana and Theravada are compared to make these distinctions clear.
Offering food is one of the oldest and most common rituals in Buddhism. Food is offered to monks and ritually to deities and hungry ghosts. Here is a brief explanation of the meaning and purpose of Buddhist food offerings.
A condensed 1,000-year history of Buddhism in China, from the year 1 to 1000 CE.
Is sexism intrinsic to Buddhism, or did Buddhist institutions absorb sexism from Asian culture? Can Buddhism treat women as equals, and remain Buddhism?
: The Sanskrit word samsara means "journeying." In Buddhism, as well as in Hinduism and Jainism, samsara
The Wheel of Life is one of the most common subjects of Tibetan Buddhist art. The detailed symbolism of the Wheel is rich with meaning that can be interpreted on many levels.
The answer varies from one part of Asia to another. In most Asian nations the date is determined by the lunar calendar and changes from year to year.
The Buddha taught that Right View is an essential part of the Buddhist path. In fact, it is part of the Eightfold Path, which is the basis of all Buddhist practice.
The Six Perfections are guides for those who seek enlightenment in Mahayana Buddhism.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The historical
To become a Buddhist, a person vows to take refuge in the Three Jewels or Three Treasures. The Three Jewels are the Buddha, the Dharma, and the Sangha. This essay explains what each jewel represents. Page 2.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >"Secular Buddhism"
An explanation of the symbolic meanings of the lotus in Buddhist art and literature.
Mindfulness is a whole-body-and-mind awareness of the present moment that is a cornerstone of Buddhist practice
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > Types of Buddhist Scripture Many scriptures
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Evil is a word
Buddhists often speak of Buddhism as a practice rather than a faith. What exactly is Buddhist practice?
Buddhism opposes war, but sometimes Buddhists must go to war. Buddhism values pacifism, yet Buddhism is associated with martial arts. What does Buddhism teach about war?
The distinctive practices and teachings of Theravada, the oldest school of Buddhism.
When Westerners think of Buddha, usually they picture the short, fat, bald version, not the austere and serious meditating Buddha. Where did the Laughing Buddha come from?
The demon Mara plays a role in many stories of the Buddha and his monks, and in particular the story of the Buddha's enlightenment. This article discusses Mara's origins and what he represents in Buddhism.
You can find Buddhist teachings about finding the self, losing the self, small self, big self, original self, true self, and no self. What's a self?
Desires are inexhaustible, especially in our consumerist culture. What does Buddhism teach about greed and desire?
The Buddha taught his disciples to develop equanimity. What do Buddhists mean by equanimity, and how do you develop it?
The three characteristics -- impermanence, suffering and egolessness -- mark all compounded things.
A vajra is a Buddhist symbol and ritual object with several meanings.
No-self; the central Buddhist teaching that individual identity is ephemeral.
Can there be Buddhism without the rituals? Maybe, but the rituals do have a purpose.
The law of karma is a law of cause and effect, or an understanding that every deed produces fruit. The fruits of karma affect our lives and cause rebirth.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >It is often asked
Buddhas and bodhisattvas often are depicted in Buddhist art with stylized hand gestures called
Right Speech is a portion of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. What do Buddhists mean by Right Speech?
Buddhism comes in many sectarian flavors. This is a very basic guide to major schools for people new to Buddhism.
In Buddhism, the Five Skandhas are aggregates of mental and physical characteristics that come together to create an individual. Personality and ego are creations of the skandhas.
The Buddhist Approach to morality avoids absolutes and rigid commandments. Instead, Buddhists are encouraged to weigh and analyze situations to come to their own decisions about what is moral.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >In the 26 centuries
These are good beginner-level books for people who want to learn about Zen Buddhism. Although Zen itself is not something that can be learned from books, these might tell you if Zen is something you want to explore further.
Buddhism teaches that abortion is the taking of a human life, but at the same time most Buddhists are reluctant to interfere with a woman's personal decision to abort. From a Buddhist perspective, these positions are not contradictory.
Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, Pure Land is thought of as a real place.
Buddha’s birthday is celebrated on different dates by various schools of Buddhism. Whatever the date, it is a joyous holiday featuring parades, hanging lanterns, and the sharing of food and flowers.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >To become a Buddhist
The Buddha said there are twelve links ( nidanas ) in the "chain" of Dependent Origination . Dependent
The scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism .mostly were written between the 1st century BCE and the 5th century
Right Action is the fourth aspect of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. But what is Right Action, exactly? Here is a brief explanation
The historical BuddhaÃ¢ÂÂs most famous statements on women came about when his stepmother and aunt, Maha Pajapati Gotami, asked to join the Sangha and become a nun. The Buddha initially refused her request. Eventually he relented, but in doing so he made conditions and a prediction that remain controversial to this day.
Why do Buddhists need teachers? How do you find a teacher? How can you tell real Buddhist teachers from frauds? Here are some basic guidelines to help you find the right teacher for you.
The second aspect of the Eightfold Path of Buddhism is Right Intention or Right Thought. Why are our thoughts or intentions so important?
According to the Mahayana Buddhist teaching of sunyata -- emptiness or void -- all beings and phenomena are empty of independent, permanent essence.
Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva is beloved to Mahayana Buddhists as the embodiment of infinite compassion.
Giving to others is essential to the practice of Buddhism. However, one's motivation for giving to others is at least as important as what is given.
What does Buddhism say about today's hot issues, like abortion, sexism and even the economy?
This essay explores common conceptualizations of evil and compares them to Buddhist teachings on evil. Part Two explains how karma relates to good and evil. Page 2.
Bodhisattvas are idealized in Mahayana art and literature, and they are also ordinary people. They exemplify compassion and wisdom, and they vow to help all beings realize enlightenment and enter Nirvana.
A brief explanation of Right Effort as the sixth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The "earth witness"
This is a brief history of Tibetan Buddhism from in 641 CE, when King Songtsen Gampo unified Tibet and married two Buddhist princesses, to 1642, when the 5th Dalai Lama became ruler of Tibet.
Tibetan Buddhism is distinguished by its rich mythology and art, its esoteric tantra practices, and its reincarnated lamas. Here is a basic introduction to Tibetan Buddhism.
The creature holding the Wheel of Life in his hooves is Yama, the wrathful dharmapala who is Lord of the Hell Realm. Dharmapalas are not evil beings, but rather are the fierce protectors of Buddhism and Buddhists. Page 2.
The Buddha taught that all phenomena are impermanent. How is this teaching essential to enlightenment?
How do Buddhists give thanks for food? Here are meal chants from three schools of Buddhism that are chanted before meals, expressing gratitude.
The Three Poisons - Greed, Hate and Ignorance - are the primary causes of evil (akusala) in Buddhism.
What is Vesak? Vesak is a major Buddhist holiday observing the historical Buddha's birth, enlightenment and death (Parinirvana).
The Dalai Lama is revered and despised; a media star and an enigma. Just who is the 14th Dalai Lama?
Manjushri is one of the most important iconic figures of Mahayana Buddhist art and literature. He represents prajna, wisdom that is not confined to conceptual knowledge.
The Five Dhyani Buddhas are transcendent Buddhas visualized in tantric meditation. The five Buddhas are Aksobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhava and Vairocana. Each represents a different aspect of enlightened consciousness to aid in spiritual transformation. Often in Vajrayana art they are arranged in a mandala, with Vairocana in the center. Page 2.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Fifth Precept
Tara is one of the most familiar figures of Tibetan Buddhist iconography. Here is a simple introduction explaining who she is and what she represents.
Advice for choosing a school of Buddhism that is right for you
What role does science play in modern-day Buddhism and how can it be used to enhance one's understanding of the religion?
In Mahayana Buddhism, the ideal of practice is to become a bodhisattva who strives to liberate all beings from the cycle of birth and death. The Bodhisattva Vows are vows taken formally by a Buddhist to do exactly that. The vows also are an expression of bodhichitta, the desire to realize enlightenment for the sake of others.
We all want to be happy, but what is happiness, and how do we find it? Here is what the Buddha taught.
The earliest written scriptures of Buddhism, the texts were kept alive through the years by being memorized and chanted by generations of monks.
They're they're wrathful, they're terrifying, and they're the good guys. Dharmapalas are fearsome creatures of Vajrayana Buddhism who aid and protect Buddhists.
The koan Mu, also known as Chao-chou's Dog, is one of the most famous Zen koans. Here is a brief introduction to the koan.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The practice of
Renunciation in Buddhism is not penance or self-punishment. Instead, it is an act of liberation from the things that bind us to suffering.
From its origins in pre-war Japan, Soka Gakkai has promoted personal empowerment and humanist philosophy combined with Buddhist devotion and practice. Yet as its membership grew in the West, the organization found itself struggling with dissension, controversy, and accusations of being a a cult.
All Buddhist meditation practices are forms of bhavana. Here is a basic explanation of bhavana and how it is practiced in Theravada, Mahayana and Vajrayana Buddhism.
Dragons often appear in Buddhist art and literature. Where did they come from, and what do they represent?
Right Concentration is the eighth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. Through Right Concentration, the mind finds its way to wisdom and enlightenment.
: The name sutra (Sanskrit for "thread") in Buddhism originally was given only to the sermons of the
Hungry Ghosts (Pretas) are beings with a hunger that can never be satisfied. They have huge, empty stomachs, but their thin necks don't allow nourishment to pass. Food turns to fire and ash in their mouths. Page 5.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Definition: The
The veneration of tantric deities looks like polytheism, but it isn't. Instead, it is a means to realize enlightenment by realizing oneself as a goddess or god.
Background on the violence between Muslims and Buddhists in Burma (Myanmar)
Tibetan Buddhism has developed into six distinctive major traditions - Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, Gelug, Jonang, and Bonpo. Here is a brief explanation of each.
: Karma means "intentional action" and refers to the universal law of cause and effect. Karma is created
A photo gallery of the world's biggest Buddha statues, including the Leshan giant of China, the Monywa reclining Buddha of Burma, and the Ushiku standing Buddha of Japan.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >What Is Enlightenment?
The Jataka Tales are stories and fables about the previous lives of the Buddha. Where did these stories come from? What is their history?
Buddhist texts and teachers sometimes refer to Mount Meru, also called Sumeru (Sanskrit) or Sineru (Pali). Mount Meru is a sacred mountain in Buddhist, Hindu and Jain mythology. For a time, the existence (or not) of Meru was a heated controversy.
The Five Mindfulness Trainings are Thich Nhat Hanh's guide to living a beneficial and joyful life. Here is a brief introduction.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >Of all Buddhist
The ancient Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara stretched across what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan and made invaluable contributions to Buddhist art.
Nichiren claimed his were the only true teachings of Buddhism. Today Nichiren Buddhism has millions of followers worldwide.
A list of the 14 Dalai Lamas, with brief biographies.
Bodhisattvas work to bring all beings to enlightenment. Countless transcendent bodhisattvas are found in Buddhist art and literature, but these five are the most important.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >The Bardo Thodol
Buddhism in Japan, Part I: The First Seven Centuries. This brief history begins with the introduction of Buddhism to Japan and continues to the establishment of the two major Pure Land schools, Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu.
Padmasambhava ia a patriarchs of Tibetan Buddhism and a central figure in Tibetan Buddhist mythology.
The first precept of Buddhism -- do not kill -- touches on some of today's hotter issues, from veganism to abortion and euthanasia. Let's take a look at this precept and at what some Buddhist teachers have said about it.
Hungry Ghosts are characters from Buddhist iconography who suffer from their greed, envy and jealousy.
The rich iconography of the Wheel of Life can be interpreted on several levels. The six major sections
The Asura (Jealous God) Realm is marked by paranoia. Asuras are hyper-competitive and paranoid. They are driven by a desire to beat their competition, and everyone is competition. Page 4.
The Realm of the Gods (Devas) is the highest realm of the Wheel of Life and is always depicted at the top of the Wheel. It's nice being a Deva, but even the Devas are subject to karma, death and rebirth. Page 3.
In Zen Buddhism, koans are small presentations of the nature of ultimate reality, usually presented as a paradox.
Buddha Nature, an essential doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism, is the already enlightened nature of all beings.
class="no-js" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Article" > itemprop="description" >"Tea ceremony"
Vietnamese Buddhism played a key role in critical events of the 20th century. Today it is subject to government control and oppression.
Buddhism teaches that abortion is the taking of a human life, but it also discourages imposing moral absolutes on ourselves and others. Page 2.
The Five Dhyani Buddhas are transcendent Buddhas visualized in tantric meditation. The five Buddhas are Aksobhya, Amitabha, Amoghasiddhi, Ratnasambhava and Vairocana. Each represents a different aspect of enlightened consciousness to aid in spiritual transformation. Often in Vajrayana art they are arranged in a mandala, with Vairocana in the center. Page 5.