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Barbara O'Brien

Updated Articles and Resources

By Barbara O'Brien

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • Glossary of Defilements Created: Saturday, August 30, 2014 Updated: Monday, September 01, 2014
      In Buddhism the klesas or kilesas are mental defilements -- psychological hindrances, if you will -- that get in the way of our seeing reality as it is.
    • Vajrayana: An Introduction Created: Sunday, August 31, 2014 Updated: Sunday, August 31, 2014
      This is a brief introduction to basic Buddhist Vajrayana -- what is is, how it originated.
    • Celibacy in Buddhism Created: Sunday, August 31, 2014 Updated: Sunday, August 31, 2014
      Here is a brief explanation of why some Buddhist monks and nuns are celibate, and also why some others are not.
    • The Three Poisons Created: Saturday, August 30, 2014 Updated: Saturday, August 30, 2014
      In Buddhism, the Three Poisons, or Three Unwholesome Roots, are the source of all "evil" and harmful attitudes.
    • Mindfuless of Body Created: Wednesday, November 28, 2012 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      The Buddhist practice of mindfulness is said to have four foundations. The first foundation is mindfulness of body.
    • The Four Foundations of Mindfulness Created: Monday, December 31, 2012 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      The Buddha taught mindfulness by providing four foundations, or frames of reference, that we can use to train ourselves to be mindful.
    • Right Mindfulness Created: Thursday, January 28, 2010 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      Mindfulness is a whole-body-and-mind awareness of the present moment that is a cornerstone of Buddhist practice
    • Buddhist Meditation and the Dark Night Created: Friday, August 29, 2014 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      A "dark night" in this case is a disturbing or damaging meditation experience. How do these happen?
    • The Mindfulness Controversy, Part 1: Work and War Created: Wednesday, August 27, 2014 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      Mindfulness is being touted as a way to de-stress our jobs and make us all more productive employees. But this application of the Buddhist practice of mindfulness is not without its critics.
    • The Mindfulness Controversy, Part 2: Mindfulness Therapy Created: Friday, August 29, 2014 Updated: Friday, August 29, 2014
      The Buddhist practice of mindfulness is becoming a common part of psychological therapy. Now there are claims mindfulness can be dangerous.
    • The Diamond Sutra Created: Tuesday, September 25, 2012 Updated: Thursday, August 28, 2014
      The Diamond Sutra is a jewel of the world's religious literature and one of the most revered texts of Mahayana Buddhism. This article describes the sutra's origins and history.
    • Rinzai Created: Thursday, July 17, 2008 Updated: Thursday, August 28, 2014
      Rinzai is one of the two schools of Japanese Zen Buddhism.
    • Sunyata, or Emptiness Created: Monday, December 19, 2011 Updated: Monday, August 25, 2014
      Sunyata, or Emptiness.
    • Shinran Created: Sunday, February 23, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, August 20, 2014
      Shinran Shonin (1173-1262) was a rule-breaker and innovator who founded Jodo Shinshu, the largest school of Buddhism in Japan.
    • Pure Lands Created: Wednesday, June 18, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, August 20, 2014
      The pure lands of Mahayana Buddhism are understood in many ways.
    • Jodo Shinshu Buddhism Created: Monday, March 24, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, August 20, 2014
      Jodo Shinshu Buddhism provided a dharma path for all Japanese people, independent of the aristocracy.
    • Nama-rupa: Name and Form Created: Monday, August 11, 2014 Updated: Monday, August 11, 2014
      Nama-rupa is the mind-body, or name and form, that is an individual life.
    • Mudita Created: Monday, February 25, 2013 Updated: Thursday, August 07, 2014
      In Buddhism, mudita is joy for the good fortune of others. Opening our hearts to sympathetic joy is a prerequisite for enlightenment.
    • Loving Kindness Created: Saturday, February 23, 2013 Updated: Thursday, August 07, 2014
      Loving kindness is the antidote to selfishness, anger, and fear.
    • Brahma-vihara: The Four Divine States or Four Immeasurables Created: Friday, July 11, 2008 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      The Buddha taught his monks to cultivate four states of mind, called the Brahma-vihara -- loving kindness, compassion, empathy and equanimity.
    • Ksitigarbha Created: Thursday, July 31, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Ksitigarbha is the iconic bodhisattva of the Buddhist hell realm. He is also called upon to guide deceased children and to protect travelers,
    • Icons of the Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Thursday, July 31, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Some major iconic figures of Buddhism are associated with the hell realm. Here are some beings you might meet if you go there.
    • Understanding the Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Wednesday, July 30, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Does Buddhism teach that hell is a real place? Or is it an allegory of our psychological projections?
    • The Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Monday, July 28, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Naraka, or the Buddhist hell realms, is a place of countless torments.
    • Pure Land Buddhism Created: Saturday, January 05, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, Pure Land is thought of as a real place.
    • Eight Dharmapalas Created: Wednesday, June 11, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      They're wrathful, they're terrifying, and they're the good guys. Dharmapalas are fearsome creatures of Vajrayana Buddhism who aid and protect Buddhists.
    • How to Understand Buddhism Created: Sunday, December 22, 2013 Updated: Sunday, July 27, 2014
      Are you a spiritual seeker thinking of checking out Buddhism? Here is a brief explanation of what you might find.
    • Buddhism and Vegetarianism Created: Wednesday, April 23, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      The historical Buddha and his disciples were not vegetarians. Why then did vegetarianism come to be associated with Buddhism?
    • Buddhism in Burma, Part 2 Created: Sunday, June 30, 2013 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      Why are Buddhists killing Muslims in Burma? Background on the violence between Muslims and Buddhists in Burma (Myanmar)
    • The Tibetan Buddhist Canon Created: Monday, July 21, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      The Tibetan Buddhist scriptural canon is in two parts, called the Kangyur and the Tengyur. Here is a basic introduction.
    • Women Ancestors of Zen Created: Sunday, March 01, 2009 Updated: Monday, July 21, 2014
      There were women Zen masters from the earliest days of Zen in China. Here are five women from the early history of Zen
    • Review: The Making of Buddhist Modernism by David McMahan Created: Friday, July 18, 2014 Updated: Friday, July 18, 2014
      David McMahan's The Making of Buddhist Modernism is recommended to anyone trying to understand today's Buddhism.

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