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Barbara O'Brien

Updated Articles and Resources

By Barbara O'Brien

    Updated Articles and Resources
    • Nama-rupa: Name and Form Created: Monday, August 11, 2014 Updated: Monday, August 11, 2014
      Nama-rupa is the mind-body, or name and form, that is an individual life.
    • Mudita Created: Monday, February 25, 2013 Updated: Thursday, August 07, 2014
      In Buddhism, mudita is joy for the good fortune of others. Opening our hearts to sympathetic joy is a prerequisite for enlightenment.
    • Loving Kindness Created: Saturday, February 23, 2013 Updated: Thursday, August 07, 2014
      Loving kindness is the antidote to selfishness, anger, and fear.
    • Brahma-vihara: The Four Divine States or Four Immeasurables Created: Friday, July 11, 2008 Updated: Wednesday, August 06, 2014
      The Buddha taught his monks to cultivate four states of mind, called the Brahma-vihara -- loving kindness, compassion, empathy and equanimity.
    • Ksitigarbha Created: Thursday, July 31, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Ksitigarbha is the iconic bodhisattva of the Buddhist hell realm. He is also called upon to guide deceased children and to protect travelers,
    • Icons of the Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Thursday, July 31, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Some major iconic figures of Buddhism are associated with the hell realm. Here are some beings you might meet if you go there.
    • Understanding the Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Wednesday, July 30, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Does Buddhism teach that hell is a real place? Or is it an allegory of our psychological projections?
    • The Buddhist Hell Realm Created: Monday, July 28, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Naraka, or the Buddhist hell realms, is a place of countless torments.
    • Pure Land Buddhism Created: Saturday, January 05, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, Pure Land is thought of as a real place.
    • Eight Dharmapalas Created: Wednesday, June 11, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 31, 2014
      They're wrathful, they're terrifying, and they're the good guys. Dharmapalas are fearsome creatures of Vajrayana Buddhism who aid and protect Buddhists.
    • How to Understand Buddhism Created: Sunday, December 22, 2013 Updated: Sunday, July 27, 2014
      Are you a spiritual seeker thinking of checking out Buddhism? Here is a brief explanation of what you might find.
    • Buddhism and Vegetarianism Created: Wednesday, April 23, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      The historical Buddha and his disciples were not vegetarians. Why then did vegetarianism come to be associated with Buddhism?
    • Buddhism in Burma, Part 2 Created: Sunday, June 30, 2013 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      Why are Buddhists killing Muslims in Burma? Background on the violence between Muslims and Buddhists in Burma (Myanmar)
    • The Tibetan Buddhist Canon Created: Monday, July 21, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 24, 2014
      The Tibetan Buddhist scriptural canon is in two parts, called the Kangyur and the Tengyur. Here is a basic introduction.
    • Women Ancestors of Zen Created: Sunday, March 01, 2009 Updated: Monday, July 21, 2014
      There were women Zen masters from the earliest days of Zen in China. Here are five women from the early history of Zen
    • Review: The Making of Buddhist Modernism by David McMahan Created: Friday, July 18, 2014 Updated: Friday, July 18, 2014
      David McMahan's The Making of Buddhist Modernism is recommended to anyone trying to understand today's Buddhism.
    • A List of Buddhas Created: Sunday, March 31, 2013 Updated: Friday, July 18, 2014
      A list of Buddhas found in Buddhist art and scripture, with brief explanations of who they are.
    • Dharma Created: Sunday, January 06, 2008 Updated: Thursday, July 17, 2014
      In Buddhism, dharma most commonly is used to refer to the teachings of the Buddha. But the word has a great many other significant meanings.
    • The Thirty-Two Marks of a Buddha Created: Thursday, July 17, 2014 Updated: Thursday, July 17, 2014
      The 32 Marks of a Buddha are characteristics said to distinguish Buddhas from ordinary people.
    • Shakyamuni Buddha Created: Wednesday, July 16, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, July 16, 2014
      Shakyamuni Buddha is name often given to the historical Buddha. This article discusses the significance of the name Shakyamuni.
    • The Life of the Buddha Created: Saturday, December 29, 2007 Updated: Monday, July 07, 2014
      This simple account of the historic Buddha's life covers his early life, the Four Passing Sights, the Renunciation, the Quest, his Enlightenment, and his later life as a teacher.
    • Working With the Five Hindrances Created: Monday, October 29, 2012 Updated: Thursday, July 03, 2014
      The Five Hindrances are states of mind that block the realization of enlightenment. The key to resolving the hindrances is to work with them." itemprop="description" Friday, January 31, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, July 02, 2014
      This is the story of the enlightenment of the Buddha, including his meditation under the bodhi tree and the temptations of Mara.
    • The Buddha's First Sermon Created: Saturday, June 28, 2014 Updated: Wednesday, July 02, 2014
      The Buddha's first sermon is sometimes called the "first turning of the dharma wheel." In this sermon the Buddha presented the Four Noble Truths.
    • The Two Truths Created: Thursday, March 29, 2012 Updated: Tuesday, July 01, 2014
      The Two Truths Doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism explains the nature of reality.
    • The Jataka Tale of the Selfless Hare Created: Monday, January 24, 2011 Updated: Tuesday, July 01, 2014
      The Jataka Tales are ancient stories of the Buddha's previous lives. In this story, the Buddha is a selfless hare who surpasses all of this friends in the perfection of generosity."
    • A Bubble in a Stream Created: Tuesday, September 25, 2012 Updated: Tuesday, July 01, 2014
      A short verse is one of the most well-known passages from the Mahayana Buddhist scriptures. What does it mean?" itemprop="description">> Saturday, June 28, 2014 Updated: Tuesday, July 01, 2014
      Vassa, a three-month Buddhist monastic retreat held during the monsoon rains, is a tradition that began with the historical Buddha.
    • The Thirty-one Realms Created: Monday, June 30, 2014 Updated: Monday, June 30, 2014
      As you study Buddhism you may run into mention of the 31 Realms. Here is a handy-dandy beginner's guide to them.
    • The Trikaya Created: Monday, June 30, 2014 Updated: Monday, June 30, 2014
      The Mahayana doctrine of Trikaya -- the three bodies of Buddha -- teaches us about the nature of enlightenment, the nature of existence, and the way a Buddha manifests in the world.
    • Eight Awarenesses of Enlightenment Created: Tuesday, December 16, 2008 Updated: Monday, June 30, 2014
      The Eight Awarenesses, also called the Eight Aspects or Eight Flavors of Enlightenment, are both a guide to Buddhist practice and a description of a Buddha.
    • The Golden Deer Created: Wednesday, April 20, 2011 Updated: Monday, June 30, 2014
      The Jataka Tales are stories of the Buddha's previous lives. This story of the Golden Deer, also sometimes called the Ruru Deer, is a story about compassion." itemprop="des$zTP='t3'" --> itemprop="...

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