The Tibetan Buddhist scriptural canon is in two parts, called the Kangyur and he Tengyur. Here is a basic introduction.
David McMahan's The Making of Buddhist Modernism is recommended to anyone trying to understand today's Buddhism.
The 32 Marks of a Buddha are characteristics said to distinguish Buddhas from ordinary people.
Shakyamuni Buddha is name often given to the historical Buddha. This article discusses the significance of the name Shakyamuni.
As you study Buddhism you may run into mention of the 31 Realms. Here is a handy-dandy beginner's guide to them.
The Mahayana doctrine of Trikaya -- the three bodies of Buddha -- teaches us about the nature of enlightenment, the nature of existence, and the way a Buddha manifests in the world.
The Buddha's first sermon is sometimes called the "first turning of the dharma wheel." In this sermon the Buddha presented the Four Noble Truths.
Vassa, a three-month Buddhist monastic retreat held during the monsoon rains, is a tradition that began with the historical Buddha.
Many Mahayana Buddhists practice veneration to Bhaiṣajyaguru, the Medicine Buddha, on behalf of the sick.
The pure lands of Mahayana Buddhism are understood in many ways.